Baja California Sur which means “Lower California South” is the second smallest Mexican state by population. Baja California Sur is just one of over 60 official online guides covering the whole of Mexico. If you´re planning a trip to Mexico and would like discover our fabulous nation before visiting or, if you´d like to visit a specific place in Mexico, then you´ve come to the right place. Before becoming a state on October 8, 1974, the area was better known as the Southern Territory of Baja California. It has an area of 73,475 km2 (28,369 sq mi), which occupies the southern half of the Baja California peninsula. It is bordered to the north by the state of Baja California and, to the west by the Pacific Ocean then to the east by the Gulf of California. The state has also shares maritime borders with Sonora and Sinaloa to the east from across the Gulf of California.
The population of Baja California Sur is approximately 650,000 (2013). Baja California Sur is home to the popular tourist destinations of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo. Baja California Sur is one of Mexico´s most popular places, visited by millions of people over the last decade. When you travel to Baja California Sur you may wish to check out the Baja California Sur hotels we have available or maybe you´d like to rent a car in Baja California Sur? We also offer extensive day trips in Baja California Sur. This unique place has simply amazing. We´ve also compiled a list of Travel books on Baja California Sur Mexico. The capital city is La Paz which is also a tourist resort with many historic landmarks. Baja California Sur is also home to the city of Loreto, the historic first capital of all three Californias Baja California Sur, Baja California, and California (USA), also worth a visit is the town of Santa Rosalía which is the location of a historic church designed by Gustave Eiffel of the Paris Eiffel Tower fame.
Up to 4 tribes were encountered in Baja California Sur by the early explorers, the Guaycura from La Paz to south of Loreto, the Pericú in the south, between Cabo San Lucas and La Paz, and also on several of the islands in the Gulf the Monqui, in the area around Loreto and the Cochimí, in various areas throughout the middle of the peninsula.
Whether you are visiting Baja California Sur in Mexico for business, pleasure or both, we´re sure that Baja California Sur will meet all of your expectations and that the people of Baja California Sur will make you feel welcome while sampling some of the unique cuisine on offer in the Baja California Sur Restaurant districts.
The state of Baja California Sur is characterized by deserts, mountains and coastal flatlands. The weather is arid in most parts of the state, with the southern regions being tropical. Flora such as cardon, mezquite and wild-lettuce and, fauna such as mountain lions can be found in the ecosystem of the Central and Vizcaino Deserts of Baja California Sur.
The Natural Reserve and Biosphere of El Vizcaíno, covering 25,000 square kilometres (9,700 sq mi), is the biggest natural reserve in Latin America. It is located in the municipality of Mulegé and starts from the west end of the Vizcaíno Peninsula and the San Ignacio and Ojo de Liebre lagoons, traversing the San Francisco Sierra, to the coasts of the Gulf of California and the Gulf of California islands.
Baja California Sur is most recognized for its natural features like the Vizcaíno Desert and tiny coastal lakes of San Ignacio and Ojo de Liebre in the north which are protected under decree of the federal government. Baja California Sur also includes the Pacific islands of Magdalena, Natividad, and Santa Margarita, as well as the numerous small islands and islets of Coronados, San Marcos, Carmen, Montserrat, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz, San Diego, San José, San Francisco, Partida, Espíritu Santo, and Cerralvo, all located in the Gulf of California. There are a few islands called Rocas Alijos which are uninhabited volcanic islets found offshore.
La Paz can be reached by following the main road southbound until you reach, the peaceful, modern capital of Baja California Sur, with beautiful beaches and some charming colonial buildings and flower-filled patios dating back to its foundation in the early 19th century. La Paz’ pre-Lent carnival with dancing, games and a colorful street parade has become one of Mexico’s finest carnival experiences.
Whale Watching is popular from the end of December through March, great grey whales traverse this area en route from Siberian and Alaskan waters where they swim 6,000 to 10,000 km searching the warm waters of Baja’s lagoons to raise their calves and give birth for 3 months before starting their long voyage back to their ripe feeding grounds in colder waters. The gray whale is seen here every year to carry out its mating ritual and to give birth to their offspring. It is a magnificent natural show that attracts travelers from all over the world.
This region boasts mountains, deserts and thousands of kilometers of coast to explore, dive or swim in. For those that prefer fishing, Baja California Sur is one of the best areas for deep sea fishing in the world. Tourists can also enjoy the local art crafts as well as their rich culinary tradition.
The gateway to one of Baja’s main whale watching areas is San Ignacio, the Laguna San Ignacio south of Vizcaíno Peninsula, also the Laguna Ojo de Liebre, better known as Scammon’s Lagoon to the south of Guerrero Norte and Puerto López Mateos near Isla Magdalena, Puerto San Carlos in the Bahia Magdalena are also popular Whale Watching destinations.
El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve
This vast desert of Baja California Sur is home to the Reserva de la Biósfera El Vizcaíno, Latin America’s largest protected area with an extension of 15 534 miles² (25,000 km²) which stretches from the Vizcaíno Peninsula on the Pacific across to the Sea of Cortez. At the center of this nature reserve, the Sierra de San Francisco is a Unesco World Heritage Site, awarded for the spectacular pre-hispanic rock paintings in some of its caves. San Ignacio is a small town in Baja California Sur but a good starting point for trips to the sierra and here you can also see Baja’s 18th century Dominican mission church.
Beautiful beaches and luxurious resort hotels in Los Cabos line the peninsula’s southern tip from San José del Cabo to Cabo San Lucas, catering to sun lovers, party animals, surfers and golfers. These are just south of the Sierra de la Laguna Biosphere Reserve, a nature paradise for experienced hikers, Baja’s most tourist developed area begins. Todos Santos is a quieter, more bohemian-style town with art galleries, chic boutiques, and some of the most beautiful beaches of the entire peninsula.
Located on Baja California Sur’s east coast is the city of Loreto which is considered one of the state’s oldest settlements. The area, founded in 1697 by Father Juan Maria Salvatierra as Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto is now a water-sports Mecca and world renowned location offering world-class fishing, kayaking, snorkeling and diving, visitors year-round flock to this area in search of water sport action and fun. When the Spanish King Carlos III expelled the Society of Jesus from all Spanish territory in 1767, 25 Jesuit missions in the southern part of the peninsula were run by Dominicans and Franciscans. Ruins of these missions some of recently restored, can still be viewed in San Javier, San Luis Gonzaga and Santa Rosalía de Mulegé areas.
Baja California Sur is just one of the websites Travelucion operates and is part of over 800 travel websites for over 130 countries worldwide. Our Mexico Collection of 70+ websites covers Mexican States, Cities and towns, along with 10 Mexico special interest websites. If you are traveling to Mexico, our websites will assist you in finding the right Mexican destination to suite your tastes and provide you with invaluable information before traveling to Mexico.
Acapulco is a city, municipality and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 300 kilometers (190 mi) southwest from Mexico City…Visit the official Acapulco travel Website
Aguascalientes is the municipal seat for the municipality of the same name and, the Aguascalientes includes the metropolitan area which includes the municipality of Jesus María y San Francisco de los Romo…Visit the official Aguascalientes travel Website
Baja California stands for “Lower California” it is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Baja California is both the northernmost and westernmost state of Mexico…Visit the official Baja California travel Website
Campeche borders the states of Yucatán, Quintana Roo and Tabasco, with the country of Guatemala to the south, Belize to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the west. The south border is the Petén department of Guatemala… Visit the official Campeche travel Website
Cancun is a major world-renowned tourist destination, as well as being the seat of the municipality of Benito Juárez. Cancun is located on the Caribbean Sea, and is one of the easternmost points in Mexico… Visit the official Cancun travel Website
Chiapas is located in Southwestern Mexico; it is the southernmost State of Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Tabasco to the north, Veracruz to the northwest and Oaxaca to the west… Visit the official Chiapas travel Website
Chihuahua is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. To the north and northeast, it has a long line with the U.S.–Mexico border adjacent to the U.S. states of New Mexico and Texas…Visit the official Chihuahua travel Website
Coahuila borders the Mexican states of Nuevo León to the east, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí to the south, and Durango and Chihuahua to the west. To the north, Coahuila accounts for a 512 kilometers (318 mi) stretch of the Mexico-United States border, adjacent to the U.S. state of Texas along the course of the Rio Grande… Visit the official Coahuila travel Website
Colima is a small state located in the Western Mexico region on Mexico’s central Pacific coast. It shares borders with the states of Jalisco and Michoacán. In addition to the capital city of Colima, the state’s main cities include Manzanillo and Tecomán. Despite being the fourth smallest entity in Mexico… Visit the official Colima travel Website
Comondú is a municipality of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. This beautiful region is formed by old populations of missionary origin and it constitutes an oasis in the desert where small places of great natural and cultural richness arise. It is a very favorable area for developing alternative tourism… Visit the official Comondu travel Website
The island of Cozumel is about 48 km (30 mi) long and 16 km (9.9 mi) wide, and is Mexico’s largest Caribbean island. It is Mexico’s third-largest island, following Tiburon Island and Isla Angel de la Guarda. It lies some 10 km (6.2 mi) from the mainland, and 90 km (56 mi) south of Cancun… Visit the official Cozumel travel Website
Mexico DF was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan, and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards. In 1524…Visit the official Mexico DF travel Website
Durango is the fourth largest state in Mexico. The state is bordered to the north by Chihuahua, to the north-east by Coahuila, to the south-east by Zacatecas, to the south-west by Nayarit, and to the west by Sinaloa… Visit the official Durango travel Website
Ensenada is a coastal city in Mexico, the third-largest in Baja California. Located 125 kilometers (78 mi) south of San Diego on the Baja California Peninsula, it is locally referred to as La Cenicienta del Pacífico, “The Cinderella of the Pacific”… Visit the official Ensenada travel Website
Guanajuato is located in the North-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Jalisco to the west, Zacatecas to the northwest, San Luis Potosí to the north, Querétaro to the east and Michoacán to the south. It covers an area of 30,608 km²… Visit the official Guanajuato travel Website
The state of Guerrero was named after Vicente Guerrero, one of the most prominent leaders in the Mexican War of Independence and the second President of Mexico. It is the only Mexican state named after a president. The modern entity did not exist until 1849, when it was carved out of territories from the states of Mexico, Puebla and Michoacán… Visit the official Guerrero travel Website
Hidalgo is located in Eastern Mexico. Hidalgo is bordered by San Luis Potosí and Veracruz on the north, Puebla on the east, Tlaxcala and México on the south and Querétaro on the west… Visit the official Hidalgo travel Website
Bahias de Huatulco is divided into four main districts. Tangolunda is the area where the large upscale resorts are located; Santa Cruz is a small town with the main marina and Santa Cruz beach; La Crucecita, is another small town just inland from the beach area which… Visit the official Huatulco travel Website
Ixtapa is a beach resort in the municipality of Zihuatanejo de Azueta, in the Mexican state of Guerrero. It is located 5 km (3.1 mi) to the northwest of the municipal seat, Zihuatanejo, and some 245 km (152 mi) northwest of Acapulco… Visit the official Ixtapa travel Website
Jalisco is one of the more important states in Mexico because of its natural resources as well as its history. Many of the characteristic traits of Mexican culture, particularly outside Mexico, are originally from Jalisco… Visit the official Jalisco travel Website
La Paz was founded by Hernán Cortés in 1535 and named Bay of Santa Cruz, though afterwards, the admiral Sebastián Vizcaíno baptized it as La Paz in 1596, currently the capital city of the state of Baja California Sur… Visit the official La Paz travel Website
Loreto is now a tourist resort, catering mostly to U.S. travelers, with daily flights from the U.S. state of California to Loreto International Airport. Many American tourists enjoy fishing in “pangas” for “dorado” Mahi-mahi or Dolphin Fish. Local restaurants will willingly prepare the daily catch of the tourists… Visit the official Loreto travel Website
Los Cabos is the tip of Baja California Sur. Wondering why they call it a dual destination? Part of the fun comes with exploring the region’s two dramatically distinct personas. Tranquil San Jose del Cabo retains the look and vibe of an authentic Mexican town… Visit the official Los Cabos travel Website
Manzanillo is well known internationally for deep-sea fishing and the green flash phenomenon during sunsets, as well as the warm waters of the ocean. The city is a destination resort and has many hotels and self-contained resorts, particularly built on the De Santiago peninsula… Visit the official Manzanillo travel Website
Mayakoba began as a vision; a dream inspired by its blue skies and its emerald beauty defining a ‘once in a lifetime destination in the Riviera Maya. A group of talented biologists, architects and designers persisted in the preservation of the flora and fauna of Mayakoba resort surrounded of sweet water lagoons… Visit the official Mayakoba travel Website
Mazatlan is a city in the Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipio, known as the Mazatlan Municipality. Mazatlán was well regarded by film stars such as John Wayne, Gary Cooper, John Huston, and others of their generation as a sport fishing Mecca… Visit the official Mazatlan travel Website
Merida is a cultural center, featuring multiple museums, art galleries, restaurants, movie theatres and shops. Mérida retains an abundance of beautiful colonial buildings and is a vibrant cultural center with music… Visit the official Merida travel Website
Mexicali is one of most racially diverse cities in all of Mexico. The biggest festival in the region, the Fiesta del Sol (Festival of the Sun) is held each year starting at the end of September and continuing through mid-October. Popular dances and music provide a festive… Visit the official Mexicali travel Website
Mexico City´s Centro Historico is where it all began. Historic city center that is focused around the Zócalo or Plaza de la Constitución. The Zocalo is the largest square in Latin America and the third largest in the world after Moscow’s Red Square and Beijing’s Tiananmen Square… Visit the official Mexico City travel Website
Michoacan, formally Michoacán de Ocampo, its tourism board has divided the state into regions, mostly based on the major cities of Morelia, Uruapan, Lázaro Cárdenas, Patzcuaro, Zamora and Zitácuaro… Visit the official Michoacan travel Website
Morelos State of Mexico has rich cultural traditions and well preserved at museums across the state. Notable museums include the Museo Cuauhnahuac (the oldest civilian building in Mexico) as well as the Museo Robert Brady, named after an American art collector who fell in love with Cuernavaca in 1959… Visit the official Morelos travel Website
Mulege is a beautiful oasis town located along the tranquil shores of the Sea of Cortez. This small town enjoys a typical mild Baja climate that many travelers find to be exactly what they are seeking. Many of the campgrounds and RV… Visit the official Mulege travel Website
Nayarit is located in Western Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sinaloa to the northwest, Durango to the north, Zacatecas to the northeast and Jalisco to the south. Tourism is increasing and Nayarit’s coastline is still relatively undeveloped, enabling visitors to surf and swim on beautiful, un-crowded beaches… Visit the official Nayarit travel Website
Nuevo Leon ranks above all Latin American countries in the Human Development Index. With world leading companies such as Cemex, Bimbo, Maseca, Banorte, ALFA Ternium, i-service, Vitro SA, Coca-Cola, and Cervecería Sol, Tecate, Bohemia, Indio and Nochebuena are just but a few multinationals located in Nuevo Leon… Visit the official Nuevo Leon travel Website
Oaxaca is also incredibly important to Mexico’s food traditions being the birthplace of the “mole,” a very popular Mexican sauce that is used in many traditional cuisines. Culture and history are rich in the Oaxaca region. Ruins from the ancient tribes that used to inhabit the region are plentiful, as are museums that celebrate the history of the region… Visit the official Oaxaca travel Website
Playa del Carmen is a city located along the Caribbean Sea in the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico. Locally known as just “Playa”, has undergone rapid development over the past few years with many new luxury residential condominium buildings, restaurants, boutiques and entertainment centers. Currently there are plans to develop over 10 luxury boutique hotels. World renowned chain restaurants including PF Changs, Hard Rock Cafe, Ruth’s Chris, the Cheesecake Factory a but just a few… Visit the official Playa del Carmen travel Website
Rosarito, Baja California is located 20 minutes south of the border from San Diego, California, this proximity to the border and scenic location between the Pacific Ocean and coastal foothills, makes Rosarito Beach (or Playas de Rosarito) one of the leading resort towns in Baja California… Visit the official Rosarito travel Website
Puebla City and State, formally Puebla de los Ángeles, is one of the five most important Spanish colonial cities in Mexico. The historical and cultural value of Puebla’s architecture is a major reason the city was chosen as a World Heritage Site. Various styles and techniques such as Baroque, Renaissance and Classic are represented here in over 5,000 buildings… Visit the official Puebla travel Website
Puerto Vallarta is a city and popular vacation resort on the Pacific Coast of Mexico. Around its coastal bay lie beautiful beaches, lush jungles and sparkling waterfalls offer many options for the adventurous travelers, while five star resorts, world-class shopping and gourmet restaurants satisfy even the most sophisticated traveler. Stretching from the south end of Old Town to central downtown… Visit the official Puerto Vallarta travel Website
Queretaro is located in North-Central Mexico, in a region known as Bajío, bordered by the states of San Luis Potosí to the north, Guanajuato to the west, Hidalgo to the east, and Michoacán to the southwest. The Centro Histórico is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and includes the Cerro del Sangremal, crowned by the Convent of the Holy Cross and the flat area on the east that extends into the Cerro de las Campanas… Visit the official Queretaro travel Website
Quintana Roo is located in Southeastern Mexico, on the Yucatán Peninsula, bordered by Campeche to the west. To the north, Quintana Roo borders the Gulf of Mexico and to the south, Belize and a small border with Guatemala. Quintana Roo is home of the world famous city of Cancun, the islands of Cozumel and Isla Mujeres, the towns of Bacalar, Playa del Carmen and Akumal, as well as the ancient Maya ruins of Chacchoben, Coba, Kohunlich, Muyil, Tulum, Xel-Há, and Xcaret… Visit the official Quintana Roo travel Website
Riviera Maya or the Mayan Riviera, is a tourism destination following the coastal Highway 307 which parallels the Caribbean coastline of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, located on the eastern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula. Tourism started at the city of Playa del Carmen and ended at the village of Tulum, although the towns of Puerto Morelos situated to the north and between Playa del Carmen and Cancun as well as the town of Felipe Carrillo Puerto situated to the south of Tulum are both currently being promoted as part of the Riviera Maya tourist corridor… Visit the official Riviera Maya travel Website
San Luis Potosi stretches across the windswept, sun-baked plains of north central Mexico. It is one of Mexico’s most picturesque towns, whose central historic center features tiered esplanades, several handsome plazas, flower-filled parks, and an active cultural scene. Its importance in Mexican history spans four centuries of influence, making its capital city of the same name a fascinating destination… Visit the official San Luis Potosi travel Website
Sinaloa is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the north, Chihuahua and Durango to the east and Nayarit to the south. To the west, Sinaloa has a significant share of coastline on the Gulf of California… Visit the official Sinaloa travel Website
Sonora is a major tourist attraction due to its pristine beaches of; San Carlos, Puerto Peñasco, Bahía Kino, also the Gulf of Santa Clara in San Luis Río Colorado. San Carlos has a large variety of sea life off its shores, making it popular for sports fishing and scuba diving. One of its main attractions is the Playa de los Algodones, called such because its sand dunes look like cotton balls. Puerto Peñasco has no less than 110 kilometres (68 mi) of beaches, which have calm seas… Visit the official Sonora travel Website
Tabasco is home to ancient Mayan empire called Comalcalco. The city’s architecture is unique among Mayan sites in that brick was used in place of stone. Comalcalco’s ruins include three large ceremonial complexes: the Grand Acropólis, the North Group and the East Acrópolis. Due to the prominence of the Olmec culture in Tabasco, the state dedicated a museum, the Parque-Museo La Venta, to the Olmec civilization… Visit the official Tabasco travel Website
Tamaulipas is one-third the size of the state of Chihuahua and fifteen times larger than Morelos. The Tamaulipas International Festival is held each October, features cultural and artistic events that include exhibits, plays, concerts, and cinema. The Tampico Port in Tamaulipas is one of Mexico’s first exporting ports. While oil is the primary commodity exported from Tampico, it also ships silver, copper, lumber, wool, hemp… Visit the official Tamaulipas travel Website
Tecate is a small city in Baja California located on the border with California, United States in the San Diego and in Tijuana metropolitan area. There is a small port of entry between the cities that serves as a calmer alternative to the bustling port of Tijuana. The Tecate brewery is the centerpiece of the town and it stands out more than any other landmark in the city. They have been making beer here since 1943… Visit the official Tecate travel Website
Tijuana´s skyline is the third largest in Mexico and is located in the Zona Rio and Playas de Tijuana. In the Zona Rio the buildings are concentrated on the Tijuana River parallel to the river and on the edges of the Tijuana Country Club. In Playas the high-rises are currently focused on the coast… Visit the official Tijuana travel Website
Tlaxcala is Mexico’s smallest state, was once home to the ancient Olmeca and Xicalanca civilizations. Tlaxcala is home to three famous bullrings. The most famous being the Jorge “El Ranchero” Aguilar plaza, built in the 18th century in the heart of Tlaxcala City. Today it’s known for its farms and textile industries and tourism… Visit the official Tlaxcala travel Website
Veracruz is located in Eastern Mexico, bordered by the states of Tamaulipas to the north, San Luis Potosí and Hidalgo to the west, Puebla to the southwest, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south and Tabasco to the southeast. Veracruz continues to be a very important part of Mexico’s economy. The state is rich in natural resources and represents approximately 35 percent of Mexico’s water supply… Visit the official Veracruz travel Website
Xcaret is a natural park that treasures the best of the traditions and culture of Mexico, a paradise that combines the natural beauty and cultural wealth of the country and the region. Located 45minutes from Cancun, Mexico, Riviera Maya, in Xcaret you will find underground rivers, natural pools and a myriad of attractions… Visit the Xcaret Park Website
Xelha is located south of the modern town of Playa del Carmen, in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. Xel-Ha is an ecological theme park or natural aquarium. Here you can swim with dolphins, see sea turtles, bicycle, snorkel, cliff-dive, and scuba. If you choose to scuba you will get to pet stingrays and see larger fish. This park is large, so bring good shoes to walk up river, you bag your dry belongings and they will be driven back to the main area… Visit the Xelha Park Website
Yucatan is located in Southeastern Mexico, on the north part of the Yucatán Peninsula. It is bordered by the states of Campeche to the southwest, Quintana Roo to the northeast and the Gulf of Mexico lies off its north coast. Home to the restored Mayan ruins of Chichén Itzá and the Pyramid of Kukulcán… Visit the official Yucatan travel Website
Zacatecas Colonial Center contains many notable structures, including the Plaza de Armas or Main Square with its magnificent stone façade. The Palacio de Gobierno, the Residencia de Gobernadores and Palacio de la Mala Noche (Palace of the Bad Night) are also located in the Center… Visit the official Zacatecas travel Website
Zihuatanejo evolved from a quaint fishing village to a backpackers’ hotspot, to today’s incarnation of winding streets of galleries and folk art shops, small boutique hotels and palapa-style seafood restaurants serving the fresh catch of the day. Backpackers still holiday in Zihuatanejo, but share the experience with honeymooners, snorkelers, swimmers, and cultural travelers who appreciate “Zihua’s” laid-back vibe and postcard-worthy scenery of rocky cliffs, sand and sea… Visit the official Zihuatanejo travel Website