Baja California Sur Geography & ecology


The state of Baja California Sur is characterized by deserts, mountains and coastal flatlands. The weather is arid in most parts of the state, with the southern regions being tropical. Flora such as cardon, mezquite and wild-lettuce and, fauna such as mountain lions can be found in the ecosystem of the Central and Vizcaino Deserts of Baja California Sur.

The Natural Reserve and Biosphere of El Vizcaíno, covering 25,000 square kilometres (9,700 sq mi), is the biggest natural reserve in Latin America. It is located in the municipality of Mulegé and starts from the west end of the Vizcaíno Peninsula and the San Ignacio and Ojo de Liebre lagoons, traversing the San Francisco Sierra, to the coasts of the Gulf of California and the Gulf of California islands.

Baja California Sur is most recognized for its natural features like the Vizcaíno Desert and tiny coastal lakes of San Ignacio and Ojo de Liebre in the north which are protected under decree of the federal government. Baja California Sur also includes the Pacific islands of Magdalena, Natividad, and Santa Margarita, as well as the numerous small islands and islets of Coronados, San Marcos, Carmen, Montserrat, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz, San Diego, San José, San Francisco, Partida, Espíritu Santo, and Cerralvo, all located in the Gulf of California. There are a few islands called Rocas Alijos which are uninhabited volcanic islets found offshore.

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